Who is SIYAAD BARE????!!


Siyaad Barre, also spelled Siad Barre, was the President and dictator of Somalia from 1969 to 1991. He came to power through a military coup and ruled the country with an authoritarian regime. His presidency was marked by a mix of socialist policies and authoritarian control. In 1991, his regime was overthrown, leading to a prolonged period of civil conflict and instability in Somalia.

Siyaad Barre's history is closely tied to his political career in Somalia. Here is an overview of his life and political journey:

1. Early Life: Siyaad Barre was born on October 6, 1919, in Shilavo, Italian Somaliland (now part of Somalia). He came from a pastoral background and joined the military, eventually rising through the ranks.

2. Military Coup: On October 21, 1969, Siyaad Barre led a military coup that ousted the then President of Somalia, Abdirashid Ali Shermarke. Siyaad Barre assumed power as the President of Somalia and became the head of the Supreme Revolutionary Council.

3. Scientific Socialism: During his presidency, Siyaad Barre introduced "Scientific Socialism" and aligned Somalia with the Soviet Union. He nationalized key industries and implemented socialist policies.

4. Conflict with Ethiopia: Siyaad Barre's regime had conflicts with Ethiopia over the Ogaden region, leading to the Ogaden War in 1977-1978, which ended in a Somali defeat.

5. Clan-Based Politics: Siyaad Barre's rule was marked by strong clan-based politics, and he used authoritarian tactics to maintain control. Opposition to his regime grew.

6. Civil War and Ouster: In 1991, a coalition of rebel groups, including clan-based militias, overthrew Siyaad Barre, leading to the collapse of the central government. Somalia descended into a state of civil war and anarchy.

7. Exile and Death: Siyaad Barre went into exile in Nigeria and later died in Lagos on January 2, 1995.

Siyaad Barre's rule and subsequent ouster had a profound impact on Somalia, leading to decades of conflict and instability in the country. His legacy is a complex one, with both supporters and critics of his regime.

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